1889 - Count Sergei Stroganov founds his horse stud at the foot of Mt. Zmeika. 2 stallions and 9 mares Stroganov acquired during a trip to Syria and the north Arabian desert in 1888 are to serve as the initial stock for breeding.


1891 – Sheikh Nasra ibn Abdulla donates 2 stallions to Stroganov’s Stud.


1985 – Count Stroganov revisits the middle-east and buys 3 more mares in Damascus

1899 – The Stud has 9 breed stallions and 21 broodmares in stock. The stud’s total stock is 66 purebreed Arab horses, counting yearlings.

1917 – 1921 – The Stroganov Stud is razed during the Russian Civil War.



February 11, 1921 – A decree to found Tersk military horse stud is signed. The farm is to provide cavalry officers with Arab horses. The farm is named after the Tersk Cossack force located nearby. As the entire stock of the stud has been lost in the war, the stud is for a time supplied with half-breed horses to provide remounts for the army.1922 - By decree of Marshall Semyon Budyonny, the Tersk Stud is renamed State Military Horse Stud N 169


1926 – The Tersk Stud becomes a purebred establishment and comes very close to starting selection work. The initial goal of the selection is to restore the Strelets breed, but due to the rarity of Strelets horses, the management decides to develop a new riding breed to be known as the Tersk breed.

1930 – 6 broodmares and the stallion Kann are shipped to the Tersk Stud from France, creating a foundation for the sustainable breeding of Arab horses in the Soviet Union.


1936 – 25 Arab horses, 6 breed stallions and 19 broodmares, are imported to the Tersk Stud from England. The new horses are made part of the breeding process.


zhukov1939 – During the Soviet occupation of Poland a large group of Polish-bred Arab horses are brought to the stud, including the famous broodmares Gazella II, Dziwa and Mammona.

1941-43– The entire stock of the Tersk Stud is evacuated to western Kazakhstan, where, in spite of the rough conditions they are kept in, the Arab breed is retained, and continues after the stock returns to the Tersk Stud. The work on the new riding breed also continues.

1945 – Marshal Zhukov commands the Victory Parade (WW II) on the back of Kumir, a Tersk-bred stallion.

In 1945 the Tersk Stud switches to breeding purebred Arab horses exclusively. The Tersk breed is handed over to Stavropol Horse Stud N 168.

1947 – 9  valuable Arab mares of Polish origin are shipped to the stud from Germany.

1949 - the breed is named Terskaya (aka Tersk) and the stud is awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. It also becomes one of the best horse studs in Russia

aswan1955– The Tersk Stud makes its first export shipment of Arab horses overseas: the stallion Kolos (Korej-Parfumeria) shipped to India, the stallion Kupidon (Korej – Probirka) and the mare Plotina (Priboy – Taraszcza) shipped to Yugoslavia as a present for President Tito.

1958 – The bay stallion Arax is imported to the Tersk Stud from Poland. Arax has a big influence on horse breeding in Russia.

1963– President Abdel Nasser of Egypt, presents the stallion Aswan ex Rafaat (Nazir-Yosperia) to N. S. Khrushchev, Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Soviet Union Communist Party at the opening of the Aswan dam. The Aswan has been proclaimed one of the finest breeding stallions in the 20th century, and had a strong influence on Arab horse breeding.

1967 - "Russian Arabs” are first noted at the Royal Exhibition in London. Napraslina, a mare born at Tersk Stud becomes champion. In 1975 and 1976, Nakhodka (Knippel- Novizna) also from Tersk wins. As a result, European and US interest in Tersk Arabs increases dramatically. Many Arab horses bred at the Tersky stud farm become acknowledged champions in Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, Italy and many other countries.

1970 - Tersk stud sees the first international Arab horses auction. The auctions take place annually up to 1986.

muscatIn 1974 - Howard Kale, who has bought a considerable number of horses (including Muscat, a stallion who is to become an Arab horse-show winner in the US and Canada a number of times) visits Tersk Stud searching for a stallion. Due to Howard Kale’s efforts, Arabs from the Tersky stud farm become widely recognized in the world.

In 1975 - the championship in Belgium names Katun (Aswan — Kapella) the best mare, the other prizes are awarded to Medeia (Aswan — Monopolia), Nefisa (Salon — Neposeda) and Parabola (Arax — Pankarta). Naivny (Arax — Norka), Tamerlan (Arax — Trapecia) and Podsnezhnik (Salon — Pankarta) who are named the best stallions.

In 1978 - horses born in the USSR win 5 first prizes in Holland, Katun (Aswan — Kapella) being announced champion. The second, third and fourth prizes are also awarded to Soviet horses: Missia (Salon—Malpiya), Prokaznitsa (Arax — Pokaznaya) and Nezabudka (Arax — Napersnitsa). Among the champions of the competitions in Holland are also Neptun (Pomeranets — Nezhenka), Polus (Arax — Pokaznaa), Naivny (Arax — Norka) and others. The same year, the stallion Pobeditel (Pomeranets — Nitochka) is announced national champion in Belgium.

In 1981 - the stallion Pesnyar (Nabeg-Pechnya) is sold for $1 million. The American industrialist known as the ‘red billionaire’, Armand Hammer, one of the world’s most famous horse lovers, buys the stallion. At the next auction contracts for more than $3 million are signed. One mare alone – the grey Narada (Aswan – Nitochka) – is sold for $350,000.

aukcionIn 1983 – the chestnut stallion Menes (Nabeg-Metropolia) is loaned out to the American Fidelis company for 15 years with a deposit of $1.5 million. Menes’s age is the reason for not sending him home and deciding to leave him abroad. In total, the USSR received $2.4 million for him.

In 1985 - an American company buys the stallion Peleneg for $2.35 million.

1990 – 2005 – After the Chernobyl accident and due to the Chechnya war, the auction selling Arab horses is moved to the Netherlands, to the Kossack Stud, and is held there until 2005. Karat, one of the stallions sold there, becomes a reserve champion at the European Championships in 2005 in Belgium.

In 2003 - Russia holds a national show for the first time. Since then, Tersk Arabian horses have become champions of Russia almost every year: Horunzhij and Marcipan, Borodina and Madiar, Angleter and Ekibastuz are among the numerous Tersk Arabian horses who have become champions and vice-champions of Russia.

In 2007 - the Tersk Stud is privatised and starts pursuing the renovation and restructuring policy lost during perestroika and the post-perestroika period.

In 2010 -‘ Nobbi – a completely Tersk-bred horse becomes the endurance World Champion! Nizami becomes the show champion of Russia, with Napevnij the vice-champion. After a 10-year break the Tersk Stud carries out an Open House in the “old Tersk school” tradition for the first time. The event arouse great interest on the part of both Russian and foreign experts.​​​ 

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